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Validations

The values of an entity fields can be validated against the fields types or values validations.

Presence

presence (boolean) - Validates that the specified value is not empty.

const User = 
entity('User', {
...
password: field(String, {
validation: { presence: true }
})
})

const user = new User()
user.password = ''
user.isValid() // false
user.errors // {"password":[{"cantBeEmpty":true}]}

Allow Null

allowNull (boolean) - Validates that the specified value is not null or undefined.

const User = 
entity('User', {
...
password: field(String, {
validation: { allowNull: false }
})
})

const user = new User()
user.password = null
user.isValid() // false
user.errors // {"password":[{"cantBeNull":true}]}

presence vs allowNull

presence: trueallowNull: false
'Text'
123
0
' '
''
[]
{}
null
undefined

Contains

contains - The contains validator is useful for validating allowance or restriction in certain values. It checks that the given value exists in the target given by the allowed or notAllowed option.

You can specify the validator as a list, string or as an object (in which case the keys of the object are used).

allowed option examples:

Array Example:

const TShirt = 
entity('TShirt', {
...
size: field(String, {
validation: { contains: { allowed: ["small", "medium", "large"] } }
})
})

const tshirt = new TShirt()
tshirt.size = 'xlarge'
tshirt.isValid() // false
tshirt.errors // {"size":[{"notContains":["small","medium","large"]}]}

String Example:

const Post = 
entity('Post', {
...
body: field(String, {
validation: { contains: { allowed: "lorem ipsum dolor" } }
})
})

const post = new Post()
post.body = 'hello'
post.isValid() // false
post.errors // {"body":[{"notContains":"lorem ipsum dolor"}]}

notAllowed option examples:

Array Example:

const TShirt = 
entity('TShirt', {
...
size: field(String, {
validation: { contains: { notAllowed: ["xsmall", "xlarge"] } }
})
})

const tshirt = new TShirt()
tshirt.size = 'xlarge'
tshirt.isValid() // false
tshirt.errors // {"size":[{"contains":["xsmall","xlarge"]}]}

String Example:

const Post = 
entity('Post', {
...
body: field(String, {
validation: { contains: { notAllowed: "hello world" } }
})
})

const post = new Post()
post.body = 'hello'
post.isValid() // false
post.errors // {"body":[{"contains":"hello world"}]}

Length

Validates the length of the value.

It is possible to specify length constraints in different ways:

minimum (number) - The value cannot have less than the specified length

maximum (number) - The value cannot have more than the specified length

is (number) - The value length must be equal to the given length

const Post = 
entity('Post', {
title: field(String, {
validation: { length: { is: 10 } }
}),
body: field(String, {
validation: { length: { minimum: 3, maximum: 140 } }
})
})

const post = new Post()
post.title = 'hello'
post.body = 'hi'
post.isValid() // false
post.errors // {"title":[{"wrongLength":10}],"body":[{"isTooShort":3}]}

Numericality

Validates constraints to acceptable numeric values.

The value must be a valid Number.

equalTo (number) - Specifies the value must be equal to the supplied value.

greaterThan (number) - Specifies the value must be greater than the supplied value.

greaterThanOrEqualTo (number) - Specifies the value must be greater than or equal to the supplied value.

lessThan (number) - Specifies the value must be less than the supplied value.

lessThanOrEqualTo (number) - Specifies the value must be less than or equal to the supplied value.

onlyInteger (boolean) - To specify that only integral numbers are allowed.

const Order =
entity('Order', {
price: field(Number, {
validation: { numericality: { greaterThan: 1 } }
})
})

const order = new Order()
order.price = 0
order.isValid() // false
order.errors // {"price":[{"notGreaterThan":1}]}

Datetime

Validates constraints to acceptable date and time values.

It must be a valid Date time JS object. Use { type: Date } to validate if the value is a valid JS Date object.

before (date) - A date must be before this value to be valid

after (date) - A date must be after this value to be valid

isAt (date) - A date must be equal to value to be valid

const Order =
entity('Order', {
deliveredAt: field(Date, {
validation: { datetime: { before: new Date('2010-01-01') } }
})
})

const order = new Order()
order.deliveredAt = new Date('2011-01-01')
order.isValid() // false
order.errors // {"deliveredAt":[{"tooLate":"2010-01-01T00:00:00.000Z"}]}

E-mail

email (bool) - The email validator attempts to make sure the input is a valid email. Validating emails is tricky business due to the complex rules of email address formatting.

For example [email protected] is a perfectly valid email but it's most likely just the case that John has forgotten to write .com at the end.

const Customer =
entity('Customer', {
email: field(String, {
validation: { email: true }
})
})

const customer = new Customer()
customer.email = '[email protected]@example.com'
customer.isValid() // false
customer.errors // {"email":[{"invalidEmail":true}]}

Format

format (regex) - The format validator will validate a value against a regular expression of your choosing.

const Customer =
entity('Customer', {
ssn: field(String, {
validation: {
format: /^([0-9]{3}[-]*[0-9]{2}[-]*[0-9]{4})*$/ // or you can use new RegExp('...')
}
})
})

const customer = new Customer()
customer.ssn = '1234'
customer.isValid() // false
customer.errors // {"ssn":[{"invalidFormat":true}]}

URL

The URL validator ensures that the input is a valid URL. Validating URLs are pretty tricky but this validator is inspired on a gist that can be found here.

The following options are supported:

schemes - (array of string) A list of schemes to allow. If you want to support any scheme you can use a regexp here (for example [".+"]). The default value is ["http", "https"].

allowLocal (boolean) - A boolean that if true allows local hostnames such as 10.0.1.1 or localhost. The default is false.

allowDataUrl (boolean) - A boolean that if true allows data URLs as defined in RFC 2397. The default is false

const Customer =
entity('Customer', {
website: field(String, {
validation: { url: true }
}),
ftp: field(String, {
validation: { url: { schemes: ['ftp'] } }
})
})

const customer = new Customer()
customer.website = 'google.com'
customer.ftp = 'http://google.com'
customer.isValid() // false
customer.errors // {"website":[{"invalidURL":true}],"ftp":[{"invalidURL":true}]}

Null Values

The type, length, numericality, format and datetime validators won't validate a value if it's null or undefined.

To ensure that your value is not null, use allowNull: false or presence: true.